NewsEbury: Weekly FX Market Update

Risk assets continue to rally in spite of war, hawkish Fed

Stock markets and risk assets generally posted impressive moves last week, discounting the impact of the Russian invasion of Ukraine and treating Fed hawkishness as a case of “buy the rumour, sell the news”.

As an example of the optimism pervading financial markets, European stock indices closed the week at essentially the level they were the day of the invasion. In currency markets, the Swedish krona was the best performer of the week, with the safe-haven Japanese yen at the bottom of the G10 rankings. Emerging markets continue to post gains, with Latin American currencies benefitting particularly from their commodity exporting economies and the distance from the war. We note that our favourite, the Brazilian real, tops the performance tables among all major currencies so far this year, up well over 10% against the dollar.

Focus this week will be on the Thursday release of the Eurozone and UK PMIs (now renamed S&P) indices of business activity. They are the first ones to reflect the impact of the invasion of Ukraine, so uncertainty is unusually high, but market consensus expects a retracement towards still highly expansionary levels. Aside from that, no fewer than six Federal Reserve officials are scheduled to speak this week. We expect them to clarify the timing and extent of hikes in what looks like a very front-loaded tightening cycle out of the US, though so far the dollar has conspicuously failed to benefit from the Fed hawkish communications last week. Finally, the UK February inflation report on Wednesday should see yet another jump to a fresh multi-decade record.


The Czech koruna was among the best performing EM currencies last week. It eked out gains through most of the week on hopes of some form of de-escalation in Ukraine. Considering the koruna appreciation and decreasing volatility of the exchange rate it seems that the market is starting to adjust to the new situation, however tragic it may be.

In the coming days, we’ll continue to focus primarily on news around the Russia-Ukraine war. In addition to its effect on risk sentiment and exchange rate, we want to see if the situation leads to a further repricing of interest rate expectations: we recently saw markets backtracking on its expectations for additional tightening in Hungary and Poland, but with regards to Czechia the shifts have been rather minor.


A quiet week in the Eurozone, with only a lagged report on industrial production from January, and a massive though expected fall in investors expectations for future growth after the shock of the Russian invasion. The latter index has not been particularly useful in predicting growth lately, but it bears noting.

The common currency had a volatile week but managed to rally and end up solidly above the 1.10 level versus the US dollar. ECB President Lagarde and chief economist Philip Lane are both scheduled to speak this week, but the main event will be the release of the flash PMI numbers for March, a first look at the stagflationary impact of the war on the European economy.

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